Skinceuticals DISCOLORATION DEFENSE
Daily dark spot corrector targets visible skin discoloration for brighter, more even-looking skin.
Dry, Normal, Oily, Combination
Discoloration Defense is a layerable, daily-use dark spot corrector clinically proven to reduce the appearance of key types of skin discoloration, including hard-to-treat forms such as stubborn brown patches and post-acne marks. Formulated with 3% tranexamic acid, 1% kojic acid, 5% niacinamide, and 5% HEPES, this latest-generation formula improves the appearance of skin discoloration, brightens skin, and evens skin tone in as early as 2 weeks.
Features a synergistic blend of anti-discoloration ingredients to reduce the appearance of skin discoloration, improve brightness, and minimize the reoccurrence of discoloration (with continued use) 60% average improvement in the appearance of stubborn brown patches Paraben-, fragrance-, silicone-, gluten-, and hydroquinone-free Ideal at-home complement to professional skin discoloration treatments, such as chemical peels or non-ablative laser; always consult with a physician for individual regimen recommendations
HOW TO USE
Twice daily, apply 3-5 drops of this skin discoloration serum to the face. If using in the morning, apply after a SkinCeuticals vitamin C serum and follow with a SkinCeuticals broad spectrum SPF 50+ sunscreen. Limit sun exposure while using this product. Do not use on irritated or broken skin. If irritation occurs, discontinue use.
In a 12-week clinical study, Discoloration Defense significantly improved the appearance of key skin discoloration markers:
60% average improvement in the appearance of stubborn brown patches
59% average improvement in the appearance of skin discoloration
81% average improvement in the appearance of post-acne marks
59% average improvement in the appearance of even skin tone
SCIENCE & PROOF
SkinCeuticals research shows that specific combinations of antioxidants, when effectively formulated, provide superior results to each single antioxidant formulation alone.
Mentioned extensively in peer-reviewed scientific journals, C E Ferulic is a vitamin C serum demonstrated to provide powerful environmental protection due to a synergistic combination of 15% pure vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid), pure vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) and 0.5% ferulic acid. It is formulated under the Duke Antioxidant patent. Vitamin C is a highly-potent antioxidant that by its structure has difficultly being effectively absorbed by skin. The Duke Antioxidant patent outlines the formulation parameters required for effective delivery of vitamin C to skin: 1) pure l-ascorbic acid (vitamin C); 2) an acidic pH within the 2.0-3.5 pH range and; 3) a concentration between 10%-20%. SkinCeuticals is the only brand to formulate antioxidants according to these parameters.